Wednesday, 31 August 2011

Ganesh Chaturthi

Ganesh Chaturthi 2011

Ganesh Chaturthi, also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi is the Hindu festival  of Ganesha, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his supporters in the duration of this festival. It is the birthday of Ganesha, which is often grown as the god of wisdom, prosperity and happiness.The festival is observed in the Hindu calendar month Bhaadrapada start Shukla chaturthi (fourth day of the waxing moon period).
The date usually fall between 20 August and 15 September. The festival lasts for 10 days, ending on Anant Chaturdashi (fourteenth day of the waxing moon period).While celebrated all over India, it is most developed in the western and southern India. Outside India it is celebrated widely in Nepal and Hindus in the United States, Canada and Fiji.
Ganesh Chaturthi 2011 or Ganesha Chaturthi 2011 this year falls on September 1st. It is believed that Lord Ganesha remains on this earth plane on this particular day to bestow His presence to all his devotees. This auspicious day is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi.

Ganesh Chaturthi History

Ganesha Chaturthi is one of the most important Hindu festival in India. It is the day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Lord Shiva and Parvati was born. The day thus marks the auspicious birth of one of the most important Hindu God. This day is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi in many parts of the country. It is celebrated on of fourth day of the waxing moon period in the month of Bhaadrapada according to the Hindu calendar. According to the Gregorian calendar, this day falls between 20 August and 15 September. The festival is celebrated with immense enthusiasm in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh for ten days. If you want to explore the origin and history of this festival, you can refer to the article given here.
According to the legend, the festival marks the auspicious day of the birth of Lord Ganesha. The story goes as follows- Lord Shiva, the Hindu God of resolution, was away from Kailash due to some work. As Parvati was alone at home, she felt the necessity of some one to guard the door to her house while she took bath. When she did not get any one, she conceived of the idea of creating a son who could guard her. She then created Ganesha out of her sandalwood paste and breathed life into the idol. She then asked him to stand on the gate and do not let any body enter until she came out. Unfortunately, Shiva returned home in the meantime. As, Ganesha did recognize him, he stopped Shiva from entering as per his mother's advice. This badly enraged Lord Shiva, who cut off Ganesha's head by his trident. When Parvati saw beheaded Ganesha, took on the form of the Goddess Kali and threatened to destruct all the three worlds.
The earth, the heaven, the nether world, all was shaken and every body ran to Shiva for solution. In order to appease Lord Parvati and save the world from destruction, Lord Shiva sent out his followers to find a child whose mother is facing another direction in negligence, cut off his head and bring it quickly. The first such child that came in the eyes of the Shiva followers was an elephant, so they brought the head of this elephant and Shiva placed it on the trunk of Parvati's son and gave life into him. Parvati was the overwhelmed with happiness and embraced her son. They named her Ganesha i.e the Lord of all Ganas (followers).
Though the festival is being celebrated since times immemorial, the present kind of celebrations of Ganesha Chaturthi came in fashion in 1893, Lokmanya Tilak, an Indian freedom fighter and social reformer reshaped the annual Ganesh festival from a private family celebration into a community event. The day was conceived to be the National Festival in order to bridge the gap between the Brahmins and the non-Brahmins in the society. Tilak chose this festival for this purpose because Lord Ganesh was considered to be the ' God of Everyman'. It then served as a meeting ground for people of all community and religion on a public platform. Since then the festival has served its cause of existence. Even now people irrespective of caste and community barriers celebrate this festival with great joy.
The celebrations of Ganesh Festival have an interesting history behind them. Ganesha is India's cutest god. He has the head of an elephant on which is perched a dainty tiara, four podgy hands joined to a sizeable belly with each hand holding its own symbolic object. One has a trishul, or a trident, the second, an ankush, or goad made from his very own broken tooth, the third hand elegantly holds a lotus and the fourth a rosary (which is sometimes replaced by modaks his favourite sweet). Ganesha is famous not only for being a trickster and for his sense of humour, but equally for his wisdom. He is the son of Shiva and Parvati .

Birth of Ganesha
There is a curiously interesting tale about the birth of Ganesha. It is believed that once while Parvati was bathing, she created a human figure from some unguent and balm, gave him life and asked him to guard the door while she bathed. After a long period of meditation on Mountain Kailash, Shiva chose that very moment to drop by to see his better half, but was abruptly stopped by the man-god Parvati had posted at the door. Outraged by the cheek of this stranger, Shiva cut off his head only to discover that he had killed Parvati's son! For fear of enraging his wife,
Shiva immediately dispatched his ganas (attendants) to get him the head of the first living creature they could find. Well, the first living creature happened to be an elephant. As instructed, the head was chopped off and brought back to Shiva, who placed it on Parvati's son's body, bringing him back to life. This elephant-headed god was welcomed into the first family of the Hindu heavens and named Ganesha or Ganapati, which literally means the chief of the ganas, or the attendants of Shiva. Ganesha is the foremost god of the Hindu pantheon. This brave guardian of the door to Parvati's bath is beheld today as the most auspicious God of new beginnings. He is worshipped during every festival and before people undertake a journey or embark upon a new venture. You will also see him carefully guarding entrances to temples and homes, peeping out of calendars and happily gracing marriages and other such occasions.

Lord Ganesha is called Vighneshwara or Vignaraja the Lord of obstacles of material and spiritual order. His dharma is to remove obstacles because he knows obstacles as He personifies internal intelligence namely Sidhi and Budhi. Sidhi is the spiritual power or the capability to do things within a very short period of time through super natural powers while Budhi refers to intelligence or the discriminatory knowledge. So they are represented as his consorts. Therefore these qualities are personified as wives of Lord Ganesha, though He is referred to as an unmarried brahmachari. While Lord Ganesha is the personification of material universe in all its various magnificent manifestations, He is also the destroyer of vanity, selfishness and pride. Ganesha was the one deity who dared even to fight Lord Shiva. The primal emotion that leads to all types of confusions, conflicts and failure is fear and He is fearless. Lord Ganesha stimulates intelligence, enhances our problem solving skills, stabilizes emotions, removes obstacles and hand holds on to success.

Forms of Festive Patterns in India

‘Festive Patterns' India, design has always been a part of everyday life. Indian Festive Decoration is very diverse and rich in terms of its graphical elements and patterns. Its found everywhere, on objects, artifacts, environments, religion, occasions and events. Decoration has evolved through centuries with the influence of new materials and techniques. For example, Rangoli was used to decorate the entrances of homes, a floor-painting which provided a warm welcome to visitors. Every region in India has its own interpretation of Rangoli. With the help of technology, this art has been reproduced in the form of stickers. Though the technology has helped to reproduce the traditional art form, but because of mass production, the creative variations of forms that were inherent to these art forms have been
lost. Here is an attempt to document decorations that are readily available in the market, with varied forms and patterns. The main area where almost all kinds of decoration material is available in Mumbai is around Dadar station. Before every festival the area has lanes filled with decorations, which come from different parts of the country. The festivals covered were - Ganesh Chathurthi, Navratri, Durga Pooja, Dassera and Diwali. The documentation consisted of lamps, lanterns, torans, pots, rangoli stickers, garlands. These were then visually analysed on the basis of shape, colour, level of intricacy, repeated patterns and motifs. The major recurring decorative elements were graphically reduced to basic elements. These were further used for creating patterns of various kinds.

Vinayaka Chaturthi 2011 – Ganesh Puja Festival 2011

Ganesh Chaturthi, or Vinayaka Chaturti, is the birthday of Lord Ganesha, the God of wisdom, prosperity and auspiciousness. Ganesh Chaturthi 2011 date is September 1, Thursday. Ganesha is today  orshipped around the world and the Elephant-faced Hindu god is one of the most popular deities associated with Hinduism. Like symbol ‘Om’, Ganesha is slowly becoming the face of Hindu religion. The Ganapati  Festival ends with the immersion (Visarjan) of the idol on Ananta Chaturdasi day - September 11, 2011.Ganesh Chaturthi falls on the fourth day after new moon in the Hindu month of Bhadrapada (August - September). Ganesha is the remover of obstacle - Vighneshwara or Vignaraja – and is always invoked when Hindus are beginning a new enterprise. It is believed that Goddess Parvati created Ganesha out of clay and breathed life into him. Letting him stand guard at the door, Goddess Parvati went to have her bath. When her husband, Lord Shiva returned, the child who had never seen him stopped him. Ganesha did not allow Shiva to enter and finally an enraged Shiva severed the head of the child. Goddess Parvati returned to find her son dead and was distraught and asked Shiva to revive him. Shiva cut off the head of an elephant and fixed it on the body of Ganesha and giving birth to elephant-headed Ganesha.  In Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated for 10 days. In other parts of India, it is celebrated for one day on the Ganesh Chaturthi day. On the day special prayers are performed in all Hindu homes and hymns and songs are sung in praise of Lord Ganesha. The origin of public celebration of Ganesh festival is traced to the period of Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaja, the great Maratha ruler, who asked people to perform public celebration to promote culture and nationalism in the 17th century. The large-scale Ganesh festival of today was revived by Lokmanya Tilak, freedom fighter, in the last decade of 19th century in Pune to spread the message of freedom struggle and to defy the British who had banned public assemblies.  Thousands of Ganesh statues are installed in various public places in India and in Hindu Temples around the world. Millions of small Ganesh idols are installed in Hindu homes in India, especially in Maharashtra, Goa and Andhra Pradesh. After the festival these statues are immersed in the sea (Ganesh Visarjan ceremony). Ganesh Festival is also attracting lot of criticism from environmentalists and nature lovers primarily due to pollution caused by the use of Ganesh idols made of Plaster of Paris. Hinduism and Nature are so entwined that one cannot be separated from another. Ganesha itself is a classic example. But still we Hindus do little to stop pollution. At least we can stop creating more pollution in the name of Ganesha by only buying natural Ganesh idol and natural items for Ganesh Puja.

Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated with extreme enthusiasm in India. This festival is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Lord Ganesha, the son of Lord Shiva and Parvati. It is celebrated with immense zeal and fervor throughout the country, however the celebrations of this festival in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh are well known for their exceptional grandeur every where. The entire celebration of this festival goes on for ten days. On the final day of the festival, the devotees of Ganesha observe a whole day fast and take out a long procession of the Lord in the city. During these ten days, the devotees gather together for the celebration every day at the temporarily arranged Pandal to worship their deity. They also sing songs, burst crackers and dance to the tune of traditional drums in order to express their gaiety.

Puja On Ganesha Chaturthi
It is generally preferable to do Ganesha puja on the Chaturthi day at the noon, however you can perform the pooja as per your wish whenever all the members of your family are present. In order to carry on the pooja, you will require following items- A Clay image of Lord Ganesha, flowers, druva grass blades, sweets (preferably Modak), coconut, sandalwood paste and incense sticks. The Pooja begins with the establishment of idol on a higher platform and giving it a bathe with Panchamrit. You can now pray to Lord Ganesh and recite all the mantras or bhajans dedicated to Lord Ganesha. You now have to invoke Lord Ganesha through your prayers and bring life in the idol. The mantra for this can be found in the in the Rig Veda and is part of Ganesh Suktha.

Once you invoke life in the idol, you need to light lamp and incense sticks in order to please Lord Ganesha. After this, you need to perform the shhodashopachara, which are 16 forms of paying tribute to Ganesha. In this you need to offer 21 blades of druva grass, 21 modakas, and flowers to Lord Ganesha. You need to apply a tilak using red Sandalwood paste to idol and keep the coconut along with the idol. After you have offered your best possible prasada to the Lord, you simply need to recite the 108 salutations dedicated to Lord Ganesha. All the family members can then bow down to Ganesha and seek his blessings. The puja is performed in a similar way even if it is a community fest. You need not to exceptionally elaborate the rituals of the Pooja rather all you need to do is pray with a clean heart and pious objective.

Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated with extreme enthusiasm all over India. It is an important festival for the Hindus in the country. The celebrations of this festival in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh are well known for their grandeur every where. The devotees of Ganesha observe a whole day fast on this occasion. People gather together for the celebration at some common place like temple or temporarily arranged Pandal to worship their deity. They also sing songs, burst crackers and dance to the tune of traditional drums. Aarti forms an important part of the Ganesh Pooja. Here we have given the lyrics of some of the popular Ganesh aarti, you can use this is the coming Ganesh Chaturthi.
Arti For Ganesha Chaturthi

Jai Ganesha Devaa

Jai ganesha jai ganesha jai ganesha devaa
Maataa jaakii paarvatii, pitaa mahaadevaa
Eka danta dayaavanta, caara bhujaa dhaarii
Maathe sinduura sohai, muuse kii savaari
Jai ganeshaa...

Andhana ko aankha deta
Korhina ko kaayaa
Baanjhana ko putra deta
Nirdhana ko maayaa
Jai ganeshaa...

Paana carhe, phuula carhe
Aura carhe mevaa
Ladduana ko bhoga lage
Santa karen sevaa
Jai ganesha...

Aarti Kare Jai Ganeshji Ki

Jai ganesh ji ki
Aarti karein hum sab ganesh ji ki

App hai swami dhukh harta
Dukhiyon ke palankarta
App hai bhagwan sukh data
Om jai jai sri gadnatha
Hum sab sharan mein hai bhagwan
O shiva gad muskhak vahan

Jai ganesh ji ki
Aarti karein hum sab ganesh ji ki

App to hai gauri nandan
App to hai maan se vandan
App to hai jansukhdayak
Kehti hai duniya Gadnayak
App ki puja ghar ghar mein
Kastnivare pal bhar mein

Jai ganesh ji ki
Aarti karein hum sab ganesh ji ki

Ganesh Chaturthi Bhajans

Ganesha Chaturthi is an important Hindu festival in the country. It is the day on which Lord Ganesha, the son of Lord Shiva and Parvati is worshipped with immense zeal and enthusiasm. It is believed that Lord Ganesha is present on the earth to shower his devotees with blessings on this auspicious day. This day is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chavithi. It is celebrated to commemorate the auspicious birth of Lord Ganesha. Celebrated in the month of Bhaadrapada, on the fourth day of the waxing moon period, this festival according to the Gregorian calendar falls between 20 August and 15 September. The festivals celebrated for 10 days with extreme grandeur especially in Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Devotees of Ganesha gather at a common place in their community and celebrate the occasion with immense gusto. They echo of Ganesh Bhajans makes the entire atmosphere pious. We have given below few of these popular Ganesh Chaturthi Bhajans.

Lord Ganesha Bhajans

Gaja Vadana
Gaja vadana gajaanana gauri thanaya gajaanana jai jai jai gajaanana jai jai jai gajaanana devaadhi deva gajaanana gauri thanaya gajaanana  Gaja vadana shree gananatha ambika thanaya paahi prabhu ..(gaja vadana..) Siddhi vinaayaka kaivalya daatha paashaankusha dhara paahi prabhu namaami nithyam smaraami nithyam deena sharanya paahi prabhu  Ganapathi om jaya ganapathi om gajamukha varada ganapathi om mooshika vaahana gajaanana modakahastha gajaanana paramaniranjana gajaanana paada namaste gajaanana  Gauri ganesh uma ganesh parvathi nandana shree ganesh sharanam ganesh sharanam ganesh shiva nandana ganapathi ganesh  Hey shiva nandana bhava bhaya bhanjana vighna vinaashaka gajaanana gaja vadana gana naatha vishwa vandya shiva shambhu kumaara parvathi tanaya ganeshwara gana naatha shubha daatha pahi prabhu  Jai jai jai gana naayaka jai jai vighna vinaashaka jai shubha mangala daayaka vidhya buddhi pradaayaka gaja vadanaa gauri nandana (2x) gangaadhara shiva shambho nandana

Mangalam Mangalam
Mangalam mangalam ganesham mangalam mangalam - 2
Devaa... Ganpati devaa... Ganpati deva... Ganpati deva...
Deva ho deva ganpati deva mangalam ganesham - 4
Vighna vinashak jan sukh dayak - 2 mangalam ganesham
Deva ho deva ganpati deva mangalam ganesham - 2
Vighna vinashak jan sukh dayak - 2 mangalam ganesham
Deva ho deva ganpati deva mangalam ganesham - 2

Ma ma ga ma ...

(tu hi aadi tu hi hain anth
Deva mahima teri hain anant) - 2
Gajananan bhut ganadhi devitam uma shutam shav vinash kare kam
Mangalam ganesha
Deva ho deva ganpati deva mangalam ganesham - 2
Vighna vinashak jan sukh dayak - 2 mangalam ganesham
Deva ho deva ganpati deva mangalam ganesham - 2

Ni sa ni sa...

(tu hi shakti tu hi vidhan
Deva tu hi ved puran) - 2
Gajananan bhut ganadhi devitam uma shutam shav vinash kare kam
Mangalam ganesha
Deva ho deva ganpati deva mangalam ganesham - 2
Vighna vinashak jan sukh dayak - 2 mangalam ganesham
Deva ho deva ganpati deva mangalam ganesham – 6

II Ganesh Chaturthi Recipes  II
Ganesh Chaturthi or Ganesh Utsav is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Ganesh (the elephant-headed God of Wisdom and Prosperity and the son of Lord Shiva and Ma Parvati). This festival falls on the fourth day (Chaturthi) of the bright fortnight of Bhadrapada month of the Hindu calendar around August-September.It is celebrated all across India and is the biggest festival in Maharashtra. Ganesh Chaturti is celebrated for a period of ten days. Fasting, feasting and distribution of sweets offered to Lord Ganesh are important aspects of Ganesh chaturthi rituals in India. Hindus pray to images of Lord Ganesha. Praying to Lord Ganesh during the festival will bring good luck and prosperity for the family.
Learn More about the Celebrations, Festivities and Prayers of this Festival
We here present some of the traditional recipes prepared on the occassion of this festival.


Ganesh Chaturthi Recipes

Ganesh Chaturthi, the birth anniversary of Lord Ganeshji, is celebrated with great pomp and show in India. It is a popular Hindu festival that is celebrated in a grand manner every year According to the Hindu calendar; the festival comes on the 4th day of Bhadarva Shukla-Paksh and falls around August or September. Though celebrated all over India, Ganesh Chaturthi has its celebrations grandest in Maharashtra. The festival is celebrated for about 7-10 days. On the day of the Chaturthi, i.e. the last day dedicated to the elephant-headed god, shrines are erected, firecrackers let off, and huge images of Ganeshji are carried in grand procession for 'Ganesh Visarjan', accompanied by the sound of devotional songs and drums.
India is a land of festival and celebrations and Lord Ganesh is known for his inclination towards sweets. Therefore, a festival dedicated to Lord Ganesha will always be incomplete without special sweet dishes. There are a variety of sweets made on this occasion, with the most popular one being Modak. The worshippers visit Ganesh temples on this day, to perform Puja and offer many other sweets and milk to idols of Lord Ganeshji. The enjoyment of this ten days festivals can be doubled by preparing sweets and delicacies, like Besan Ke Ladoo, Motichoor Ke Ladoo, Kaju Ke Barfi, Puliyodarai,Karanji, Puran Poli Modak, Rawa Ladoo and Moong Dal Ka Halwa. Lets us check out the recipes for these sweet dishes.

Besan Ke Ladoo
Ganesh Chaturthi is a festival dedicated to the Lord Ganesha, who is well known for his love and inclination towards sweets like modak and besan ke ladoo. Therefore, it is of prime importance to offer the Lord besan ke laddu on this special occasion. No doubt, these ladoos are very tasty and are loved by almost everyone.

Kaju Ke Barfi 
Ganesh Chaturthi is a festival dedicated to Lord Ganesha, who is known for his inclination towards sweets. So, how can the celebrations be complete without the inclusion of a few sweets? One of the sweets that are most commonly made around Ganesh Chaturthi is kaju barfi. What are you waiting for? Bring good luck and prosperity into your home, by celebrating the occasion with mouth watering kaju barfi.

Ganesh Chaturthi is a very popular festival, which is celebrated all over India, over a period of ten days. The celebration includes fasting, feasting and distribution Prasad (sweets offered to Lord Ganesha). Karanji is one of the special recipes for Ganesh Chaturthi. It is very easy to cook and great to eat. Go ahead and enjoy the occasion by preparing delicious Karanji and soaking yourself completely in the festive spirit.


Modak is a famous Indian sweet, prepared especially on the occasion of Ganesh Chaturthi. It is known as Lord Ganesha's favorite sweet. Thus, majority of the people consider it a must to make Modak on the very first day of Ganesh Chaturthi. The celebrations are regarded incomplete without Modak, a sweet that is greatly associated to Ganesh Chaturthi.

Motichoor Ke Ladoo 
Motichoor Laddu is thought to be the favorite food of Lord Ganesha. In fact, the sweet also finds a mention in the aarti of lord Ganesha, where a line goes "ladduan ka bhog lage, sant Karen seva". So, when it is occasion of Lord Ganesha's birthday i.e. Ganesh chaturthi, then how one can forget to make the sweetmeat.

Ganesh Chaturthi or Ganesh Utsav is celebrated all across India and is also the biggest festival in Maharashtra. This festival is celebrated with great fervor and joy. People gather together with their family and friends to celebrate the birthday of Lord Ganesha. And as it is a birthday celebration, it cannot go without food. Various special dishes are prepared on this special day and offered to the Lord. One of the most famous recipes prepared on this occasion is Puliyodarai.

Puran Poli Ganesh chaturthi is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Ganesha across India. According to Indian traditions, dishes such as halwa and puri are must to be added in the menu of the birthday celebrations. Same is the case with the birthday of Gods. Ganesh chaturthi celebration witnesses with the preparation of lots of delicious dishes and one of them is Puran Poli.

Rawa Ladoo  
Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated as the birth anniversary of Lord Ganesha. It is believed that Ganesh Ji is fond of sweet food and thus, His birthday is celebrated with variety of sweets and other dishes. A special sweet dish called Modak and many other sweets, along with milk, is offered to idols of Lord Ganeshji at home and in temples. One famous sweet dish which is usually prepared on Ganesh Chaturthi is Rawa Ladoo.

Moong Dal Ka Halwa 
Lord Ganesh is very fond of food, especially, and this is why a long list of recipes is prepared on the occasion of Ganesh Chaturthi. Traditionally, the devotees during prepare several recipes to offer to Lord Ganesha, on his birthday. Moong Dal Ka Halwa is among these delicacies. This year, make the occasion of Ganesh Chaturthi sweeter, preparing mouth watering Moong Dal Ka Halwa.